1726 July 1, 2 (Friday, Saturday). Whatsoever I have done in the former part of the Week in Reading Either Commentarys or sermons upon my Subject, or collecting observations thereon, yet these Days I would spend in strictest Engagement in writing and reviewing my preparations for the Public.
1726 July 3 (Sunday). I preach’d a.m. on Eph. 5.16, p.m., on Jer. 4.14.
1726 July 4 (Monday). I rode away to Mr. Brecks, who acquainted me with what was done last association. Especially referring to Mr. McKinstrys Cause, and Mr. Barretts with Mr. How. Thence I rode to Mr. Woods. Thence to Mr. Cooks where I din’d on fry’d Pigeons. Thence to Livermores, from whence to Father Champney’s. My Journey hither was very Tedious but I proceeded to Boston. Through my illness I was very much tired. Brother John, I was informed was ready to sail for Dublin in a vessel belonging to the Family. Brother Alexanders wife Last week was Delivered of a Daughter.
Reverend Robert Breck of Marlborough.
Reverend John McKinstry of Sutton. Benedict and Tracey, Sutton, pp. 32-35.
Reverend Samuel Barrett of Hopkinton.
Samuel Champney, Sr., Parkman’s father-in-law.
Parkman’s brother-in-law, John Tyley.
Parkman’s older brother, Alexander.
Esther Parkman, born June 29, 1726.
1726 July 5 (Tuesday). I was about various Concerns but I was very faint and incapable of Business. I was at Mather Byles’s and he show’d me (at my Request) his Poem to Mr. Dowding on his Verses of Eternity, Sent in a Letter to Sir Byles. This Poem was published in the Courant No. _____. He repeated his own and Mr. Adams’s Poems on Captain Winslow deceas’d with all which I was very well pleas’d. I was at various places but I was not well in Either. I was very much afflicted with the Oppressions at my Stomach. I was with Dr. [Louis] Dalhonde.
Mather Byles (Harvard 1725), poet, humorist, minister of the Hollis St. Church, Boston, 1732-1776. Sibley, VII, 464-493. For information on Byles’ poetry see the Introduction by C. Lennart Carlson in the 1940 facsimile edition of Byles’ Poems on Several Occasions (Boston, 1744).
The New England Courant, No. 237, published in Boston. Dowding may have been Joseph, b. 1702.
John Adams (Harvard 1721), poet, minister and classmate of Parkman. Sibley, VI, 424-427.
Captain Josiah Winslow (Harvard 1721) was the commander of a fort on St. George’s River in Maine, and was killed in an Indian engagement April 30, 1724. Sibley, VI, 587-589. Byles’ poem was printed in his Poems on Several Occasions (Boston, 1744), and Adams’ in his Poems on Several Occasions (Boston, 1745).
1726 July 6 (Wednesday). Commencement. I was much of a stranger at College, but my indispositions much prevented my making my Observations. The Batchelours had their Degrees in the Meeting house in the Morning. But there was so much rain at noon that the masters Disputations were in College-Hall and their Degrees given them in the Afternoon. I was at Sir Bridghams Chamber at Dinner but I was not fit for any Conversation through my Lifelessness. I was desir’d by Mr. Barrett to Meet here with our Association upon Mr. McKinstrys Cause, But no body came. Mr. Breck led me to Sir Saltonstalls Chamber where there being little Company I had most Quiet. It was a very rainy Time which kept the Town full of People, full of Jollitys and no one knows what. At Night having borrowed a Large Sturdy Coat I ventured over to Father Champney’s but it was very wet, uncomfortable. Here was Cousin Dorcas Bows and Susan Champney. We lodg’d Comfortably. But a little after midnight Mrs. Jerusha Fairweather and Mrs. Mary Gain Came over. I was awoke but they concluded I was asleep, and therefore I was never Troubled.
James Bridgham (Harvard 1726). Sibley, VIII, 7-10.
Nathaniel Saltonstall (Harvard 1727). Sibley, VIII, 263-265.
Mrs. Parkman’s cousin.
Susanna Champney, daughter of Joseph Champney, and Mrs. Parkman’s cousin.
1726 July 7 (Thursday). In the Morn I found that Two Young Gentlemen had waited upon the forementioned Ladies but Despairing of Room in the House, never Enquir’d and roll’d into the Barn. Yet one was Sir Clark one of the Orators; the other Mr. Woodbridge, son of Governor Woodbridge of the Asiento Company in the West Indies. It was Dark weather but pleasant Company particularly Mrs. Gains, with whom I chiefly confin’d my Conversation. About Ten I return’d over to the Town. I met Mrs. Porter who had just before had a turn of Illness and was coming out of Colledge to take the Air. She Desir’d me to walk with her. I embraced the opportunity, and (with her Sister, Two Miss Charnocks and their Gentlemen Mr. Baxter and Mr. Baker) we walk’d round the Common, a long walk for an ill Man and a woman but half reviv’d. We lodged Safe at Sir Balch’s and I bid them Adieu for I was Oblig’d to hasten to Boston, to finish the Rest of my Business. I did so and Returned back to Cambridge. I waited on Sir Clark, and gave up the Cause. I retir’d to Father Champneys again and was much Diverted by the Facetious Company of Mrs. Gain.
William Clark (Harvard 1726), later a Boston physician and political writer. Sibley, VIII, 12-19.
Benjamin Woodbridge (Harvard 1728). Sibley, VIII, 533-535.
Judge Dudley Woodbridge of Barbados.
Elizabeth and Mary, daughters of John and Mary Charnock of Cambridge or Boston.
Joseph Baxter (Harvard 1724). Sibley, VII, 304-305.
Thomas Baker (Harvard 1724). Sibley, VII, 294-295.
William Batch (Harvard 1724). Sibley, VII, 296-304.
1726 July 8 (Friday). About Ten (as I remember) I took horse for home, Mother Champney being with me. I was become much better and my Journey was Much Easier than I (fearfully) Expected it would be. We came home very Safely. (Deo Optimo Salvatori Gratas quam plurimas.) Asher Rice had been here at work (Mowing). When I had been at home sometime and had Contented my Self with my appointment with Mr. Cushing to Change. I was Surpriz’d to hear that his Arm was very bad and he gone or going to Narragansett, upon which I was driven to Compose Discourses for Sabbath Day. But I was in a flutter and could write but four lines. I Examined myself concerning my Negligence. I considered my Journey as Necessary to seek advice touching my Health; that I had no Opportunity or Strength; and the Divine Providence intervening and removing the means of my assistance I had the more Solid grounds to proceed to Entreat the Divine Help.
Mrs. Samuel Champney, Parkman’s mother-in-law.
1726 July 9 (Saturday). Anyone will suppose me most strictly Engaged in My Study to Day. My first Sermon I finished and Some part of my Second before I Slept. I made addition both in the morning and at noon.
1726 July 10 (Sunday). I preach’d all Day upon Jer. 4.14. My Wife was Taken with a shivering and Trembling while in the afternoon Exercise, but Showed nothing to me till I was come out of meeting, when She walked very Slow and look’d more pale and sunk than I had ever seen heron any occasion that I remember. But she made a shift to get home and then grew somewhat better. I concluded it to be issue proceeding from the Procidantia Uteri which she had been Troubled with. This accident put us upon Weaning the Child which this Night began.
1726 July 11 (Monday). I went out to see my Hay; Mr. Rice came to see me and he with my own people (Two of them) got it into Cock. The Boy, first with me and then the men, poled it in, there being appearance of foul Weather nigh, and the cocks standing round the Barn, very Easy at hand. Now and in the next Morning together we carry’d in above Thirty.
Asher Rice of Westborough.
1726 July 12 (Tuesday). My Wife Rode with me to Mr. Cushings whose arm Continues very Stiff and Troublesome. Yet Patient Job was good Company. What a favour of heaven to have the mind Stock’d with wise, with Divine Principles whereby it is fortify’d and kept Even. My Wife Seem’d to have a comfortable Time, and I made my Observations upon the Pleasure she seem’d to take in this Ride. Yet I understood afterwards that while at Mr. Cushings She was not very well.
1726 July 13 (Wednesday). I read Sundry Poeticall Pieces as the Temple of Death essay on the Spleen[?]. I pursued my Preparations.
1726 July 14 (Thursday). I was much taken up with Looking out for Labour about my Barley Harvest. Isaac and Hezekiah Pratt mow’d it in the first of the afternoon. I was some time in Conversation at Neighbor Clarks with him and Mr. Rice. [Blot] Molly not well.
Both of Westborough.
1726 July 15 (Friday). My Wife Complaining of weakness. Neighbor Maynard came to make up my Barley and get it in. My Studys minded.
1726 July 16 (Saturday). My Barley Secur’d by Neighbor Maynard and his son. Molly was much indispos’d and I sent Yesterday to Marlborough for Mrs. Williams but she was not there. To Day I sent Hannah Peterson to her house, but she sent me Reasons she thought Sufficient for her not coming. We were very low at the news my wife being oppress’d with Every illness: The Procidentia, etc., the turning of her Milk, Her Mouth Obstructed, pain in her Breast, and great pain and weakness in Every part.
1726 July 17 (Sunday). My Wife rose out of Bed but exceeding ill, bound together with her Excessive pains; came down; I’m afraid took Some Air at the Door; grew much worse. I got her up Stairs in order to go to Bed again, but she almost swoon’d away. Recovering a little from her faintings, She demonstrated to us that she was in grievous agonies. She undress’d and with the Tenderest Help [of] her Mother and myself She was assisted to Bed. But Every maladie was Enraged, by Every weakness and discouragement left almost Lifeless. I walked a little in the Room, her mother holding in one hand her hand, her other laid upon her Head. I cast my Eyes now and then upon her and Concluded she was drowsing, but I went to her to look upon her, and Spoke to her. Receiving no kind of Return Her Mother put her hand to her mouth. I urg’d Some Testification or sign, but none being given; but she lay in a profound stillness when as though had hitherto been vigorously strugling Her Teeth were set, her Limbs Cold, her Eyes Distorted, and very Little Life any where perceptible, when her Mother gave me the word that She was Dying. How I felt outgoes Description. I hastened the Maid to Mrs. Forbush. My Wife Lay for the space of 3 quarters of or altogether an hour I suppose in such a Condition. O Dismal Hour, wherein the Struggle with my heart for her Division was like the Rending the Soul from the Body! It was truly a most gloomy Time! Mrs. Forbush came just when She spoke, a Galbunum Plaister was taken off which was too strong for her. Something was given her and She Revid’d a little but Continued in the Last Extremitys. It was a Reprieve but it Seem’d a Short one. We Expected we must be Rent asunder this Day! It grew more and more Intollerable! I was full of prayers and anon I had Some Hope. I grew more Confirmed in Hope. It brought fresh to my Mind all the Bitter Sufferings of her Dark friday, Ever long, about nine Months before, wherein I had the Same prospects. The Salvations of God then, strengthened my Trust in him. She became more sensible. We Encouraged ourselves in the Lord and He show’d us his Mercy. While We have any being let us praise the Lord! It grew very Late, but Leaving her under the Divine Protection, and to the care of Mrs. Forbush and Madame Maynard I repair’d to the House of God. Our Devotions, if they were fervent, they were short. Mrs. Peterson came and by various Applications she grew more Easy. I was full of Thankfullness and went again to the public worship, Mrs. Bayles tarrying with her. Our Text a.m. and p.m. was Jer. 4.14. She continued extream bad. I sent Daniel Hardy to Mr. Barrett. Mrs. Peterson watch’d. I have almost utterly forgot what became of me that night. (Now I recollect.) Mr. Barrett came. He said and did very little. He gave us an account of what Mrs. Whitcomb had sent. He gave us better Balsom of Fennel for her violent Fever, gave her some Tent wine. He pray’d with us. We lodg’d together.
A deep red wine of low alcoholic content obtained chiefly from Spain.
1726 July 18 (Monday). Molly was further revived, and though she was very weak, yet she was all Day much more comfortable. Mr. Barrett went away about 8 o’Clock. Mrs. Maynard watch’d.
1726 July 19 (Tuesday). Molly grew worse by a vomiting flux; the Morning very grievous. I sent Phinehas Hardy to Mr. Barrett who sent us Some plaisters and more Tent. She was somewhat better in the Afternoon; by various Applications the Flux Stay’d till night. Mrs. Thurston watch’d. These Dayes I could do little besides reading Mr. Shepherds Sincere Convert and Dr. Edward’s Exercitations Critic. Philosoph. Historic Theog. on Some S.S. Martha Becom an Indian came.
Mrs. Joseph Thurston of Westborough.
Thomas Shepherd, The Sincere Convert, Discovering the Small Number of True Believers, and the Great Difficulty of Saving Conversion (Cambridge, 1664).
One of the works of John Edwards, D.D. (1637-1716), the English divine. Parkman possessed several of the books of Edwards. See DeForest and Bates, Westborough, pp. 73-75. [Addition to Walett’s footnote: John Edwards, Exercitations Critical, Philosophical, Historical, Theological: on Several Important Places in the Writings of the Old and New Testament. In Two Parts (London, 1702).]
1726 July 20 (Wednesday). And this morning Joshua Misco and his Squa howed my Corn. I went in the Afternoon to seek Labourers. At Peres Rice’s was one Stearns of Sutton, who was full of inconsistance about the Affairs of Mr. McKinstry and the Doctrines he had delivered. When I came home my wife had been (tho’ without any the least Reason) very much affrighted with the Indians, and full fear of what they might do. And yet there was no greater peace and good Temper than they Demonstrated and went away soberly to their Lodging in the neighborhood. She was not well pleas’d with her Mother; and left with me Notwithstanding Necessity call’d me forth; and I took a Season when Company was with her. But the Weakness of her Body brought strange apprehensions in the mind.
One of the Indian proprietors of Hassanamisco.
Perez Rice of Westborough.
Either Ebenezer Stoms or Samuel Stearns.
1726 July 21 (Thursday). Asher Rice mow’d a part of the day. Fitting weather. The Indians finished my Corn and went off.
1726 July 23 (Saturday). Father Champney came up.
1726 July 24 (Sunday). I preach’d in the morn on Jer. 4.14. Afternoon upon Prov. 29.1. My wife recovering.
1726 July 25 (Monday). It was Father Champneys Design to have carryed Mother Home, yet She could not Safely leave her Daughter. My Father made up my Hay. I rak’d myself I suppose an hour. And before noon he went away for home. Whitcomb here all night.
1726 July 27 (Wednesday). I read Occasionall papers, Vol. 2.
1726 July 28 (Thursday). I preach’d a Lecture at Shrewsbury. My Text was 1 Cor. 16.22. I was with Captain Keyes at his Sons who treated us with Brandy and Brandy punch. I returned in the Evening. Neighbor Clark reaping my maslin.
John Keyes of Shrewsbury.
Mixed grain, especially rye mixed with wheat.
1726 July 29 (Friday). William Clark reap’d half the Day and this finish’d my maslin. Nothing obstructed my Diligent application to my Preparations.
1726 July 30 (Saturday). The frequent showers so Engaged Everyone about his Corn and Hay that it was no Easy matter to Obtain Help. It was with great Difficulty I got Neighbor Clark and his son to Shock my grain, which having layn long in the Field in all weathers and a threatening storm nigh, I was Restless till the Grain my Chief Dependance was upon [was] Secur’d. Shall I note here the Answers given by Two persons that my wife remark’d when she sent to Neighbor Clarks for assistance. Neighbor Clarks grain was upon Spoil and he was reaping it. He had Many (I think Ten) load of Hay that had been very long in cock in the Meadows and must be Tho’t to be rotting. Himself lame in his hand, besides his common lameness in his Leggs. His Son, who was all his Help, had hurt his ancle, and therefore he directed the messinger to ask Neighbor Maynard who had his own, his sons David, Jesse, Josham, Jonathan and Ebenezer’s Help, though one or Two of the last were not like the others. His Business in Good forwardness. He [Maynard] Replys when my Grass and Corn will move into my Barn without hands I’ll leave it to Help Mr. Parkman — not before. The Messenger returns to Neighbor Clark. He answers what shall I do? My own is really Suffering and Everything is backward for want of a Team, for I have none and can get none, But he is Labouring for our Souls and why Shall I refuse? and came away.
1726 July 31 (Sunday). I preach’d a.m. and p.m. on Prov. 29.1. I was very weary at noon, and I had the Toothach. Neighbor Grove din’d with me. At Night I was much more weary. Our Repetitions were omitted.